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Benazir Bhutto


  • NAME: Benazir Bhutto
  • OCCUPATION: Prime Minister
  • BIRTH DATE: June 21, 1953
  • DEATH DATE: December 27, 2007
  • EDUCATION: Radcliffe College, Harvard University, Oxford
  • PLACE OF BIRTH: Karachi, Pakistan
  • PLACE OF DEATH: Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • BEST KNOWN FOR

    Benazir Bhutto was the Prime Minister of Pakistan and the first female prime minister of a Muslim nation. She was killed by a suicide bomber in 2007.

    Benazir Bhutto was born on June 21, 1953, in Karachi, SE Pakistan, the child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. She inherited leadership of the PPP after a military coup overthrew her father’s government and won election in 1988, becoming the first female prime minister of a Muslim nation. In 2007 she returned to Pakistan after an extended exile, but was killed in a suicide attack.

    Early Life

    Public figure. Benazir Bhutto was born June 21, 1953, in Karachi, SE Pakistan, the eldest child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. He founded the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and was prime minister from 1971 to 1977. After completing her early education in Pakistan, she pursued her higher education in the United States. From 1969 to 1973, she attended Radcliffe College, and then Harvard University, where she graduated with a B.A. degree in comparative government. It was then onto the United Kingdom to study at Oxford from 1973 to 1977. There, she completed a course in International Law and Diplomacy.

    Bhutto returned to Pakistan in 1977, and was placed under house arrest after the military coup led by General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq overthrew her father’s government. One year after Zia ul-Haq became president in 1978, the elder Bhutto was hanged after his conviction on charges of authorizing the murder of an opponent. She inherited her father’s leadership of the PPP.

    There was more family tragedy in 1980 when Bhutto’s brother Shahnawaz was killed in his apartment on the Riviera in 1980. The family insisted he was poisoned, but no charges were brought. Another brother, Murtaza, died in 1996 (while his sister was in power) in a gun battle with police in Karachi.

    She moved to England in 1984, becoming the joint leader in exile of the PPP, then returned to Pakistan on April 10, 1986, to launch a nationwide campaign for ‘open elections.

    She married a wealthy landowner, Asif Ali Zardari, in Karachi on December 18, 1987. The couple had three children: son Bilawal and two daughters, Bakhtawar and Aseefa.

    Pakistan President

    Zia ul-Haq’s dictatorship ended when he was killed in a plane crash in 1988. And Bhutto was elected prime minister barely three months after giving birth to her first child. She became the first ever female prime minister of a Muslim nation on December 1, 1988. Bhutto was defeated in the 1990 election, and found herself in court defending herself against several charges of misconduct while in office. Bhutto continued to be a prominent focus of opposition discontent, and won a further election in 1993, but was replaced in 1996.

    While in self-imposed exile in Britain and Dubai, she was convicted in 1999 of corruption and sentenced to three years in prison. She continued to direct her party from abroad, being re-affirmed as PPP leader in 2002.

    Bhutto returned to Pakistan on October 18, 2007, after President Musharraf granted her amnesty on all corruption charges, opening the way for her return and a possible power-sharing agreement.

    Bhutto’s homecoming rally after eight years in exile was hit by a suicide attack, killing 136 people. She only survived after ducking down at the moment of impact behind her armored vehicle. Bhutto said it was Pakistan’s “blackest day” when Musharraf imposed a state of emergency Nov. 3 and threatened to bring her supporters on to the streets in mass demonstrations. She was placed under house arrest Nov. 9. Bhutto called for his resignation four days later. Emergency rule was lifted Dec.

    Assassination

    Bhutto was killed when an assassin fired shots and then blew himself up after an election campaign rally in Rawalpindi on December 27, 2007. The attack also killed 28 others and wounded at least another 100. The attacker struck just minutes after Bhutto addressed a rally of thousands of supporters in the garrison city of Rawalpindi, 8 miles south of Islamabad. She died after hitting her head on part of her vehicle’s sunroof — not as a result of bullets or shrapnel, a spokesman for Pakistan’s Interior Ministry said. President Musharraf said he had asked a team of investigators from Britain’s Scotland Yard to assist in the investigation into Bhutto’s killing. Hundreds of thousands of mourners paid last respects to former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto on December 28, 2007 as she was buried at her family’s mausoleum in Garhi Khuda Bakhsh, the southern province of Sindh. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announced three days of mourning. Bhutto’s husband, Asif Ali Zardari, her three children and her sister Sanam attended the burial. Bhutto was buried alongside her father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistan’s first popularly elected prime minister who was later on executed by hanging.

    The shooting and bombing attack on the charismatic former prime minister plunged Pakistan into turmoil. Pakistan is armed with nuclear weapons and is a key U.S. ally in the war on terrorism. Furious supporters rampaged through several cities, torching cars, trains and stores in violence that

    left at least 23 dead. Pakistan’s election commission announced January 2, 2008 that parliamentary elections would be postponed until February 18, a delay of six weeks. Bhutto reportedly had been planning to give two visiting American lawmakers a 160-page report accusing the Musharraf government of taking steps to rig the Jan. 8 vote.

    Who’s to Blame?

    “The United States strongly condemns this cowardly act by murderous extremists who are trying to undermine Pakistan’s democracy,” President Bush said from his ranch near Crawford, “Those who committed this crime must be brought to justice.”

    Pakistan’s Interior Ministry also revealed that it had ”irrefutable evidence” showing that al Qaeda was behind Bhutto’s assassination. Brigadier Javed Iqbal Cheema said the government had recorded an “intelligence intercept” in which “al Qaeda leader” Baitullah Mehsud “congratulated his people for carrying out this cowardly act.” Mehsud is regarded as the commander of pro-Taliban forces in the lawless Pakistani tribal region South Waziristan, where al-Qaida fighters are also active. Mehsud has denied involvement.



Population of Gujrat
Population Facts and Figures of District Gujrat, according to 1998 Population Census, are as under:
Total Population of District Gujrat: 2,048,000 persons
Males: 1,026,000 (50.1%)
Females: 1,022,000 (49.9%)
Rural: 1480700 (72.3%)
Urban: 567300 (27.7%)
Area of District Gujrat
Area of District Gujrat: 1,232 sq. miles/ 3192 sq. km/ 788757 acres
Province: Punjab
Country: Pakistan
Languages: Punjabi, Urdu & English
Dress in Gujrat:
Shalwar Kameez, Paint Shirt, Suit, Teh-Band Kurta for Gents
Shalwar Kameez, Farak, Trousers Shirt, Lehnga for Ladies
Forests in Gujrat
Total Forest Area: 5,173 acres
Coordinates and Location of Gujrat
Latitude: 32.35056
Longitude: 71.29083
Latitude (DMS): 32° 21′ 2 N
Longitude (DMS):71° 17′ 27 E
Telephone Code of Gujrat: 0092-53-x
Postal Code of Gujrat: 50700
Type of Government in Gujrat
Local Government System is practiced in Gujrat for local administration which is headed by District Nazim (Mayor) while Tehsil Nazim and Union Council Nazims are responsible for the administration of their tehsil or Union Council. Gujrat has also its seats in National Assembly of Pakistan and Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
Major Fruits in Gujrat Citrus, Guava, Mango
Major Crops Wheat, Rice, Sugarcane, Tobacco, Maize, Oil Seed
Major Vegetables Potatoes, Tomatoes, Turnip, Cauliflower, Lady Finger, Carrot, Onion, Chilies and
Current Time in Gujrat, Pakistan
Gujrat Pakistan lies in GMT +5 or PST (Pakistan Standard Time) time zone. Current time is shown in below analog clock. Current date will be displayed when you scroll your mouse pointer over it.

It’s now 40 years since the eastern wing of the country became Bangladesh. The bloody civil war that broke this country also divided the historical narrative of the events that led to the making of Bangladesh.After nine months of internal strife and a military crackdown against Bangladeshi separatists, the war with India lasted 13 days.For Pakistan,16 December 1971 was perhaps the darkest moment in its history. Tens of thousands of Pakistani soldiers were taken prisoners of war.

December 16, 1971 remembered as a black day, when Pakistan lost its eastern part during a war with India.

Analysts said, The country’s founding leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and General Yahya Khan were important characters in the separation of Bangladesh.

But many in Pakistan still feel that we cannot really blame any single person.

The break-up of a Muslim land is never pleasant but our politicians did not learned any lesson from the history.

SOURCE: http://www.aaj.tv

Hepatitis B


What is hepatitis B?

One third of our population world wide (around 2 billion people) has been infected by Hepatitis B with around 400 million people being its chronic carriers. It is caused by a DNA virus that belongs to a certain (hepadna) family of viruses. The liver disease caused due to HBV (hepatitis B virus) is a huge global health problem of today

 What are the different stages of the disease?

The infection with a HBV can turn into an acute one with recovery and clearance of virus or else the patient might go into a chronic state which may be progressive or non progressive. The ability of an individual to clear the infection depends upon the his immunity power.

 

What are the signs and symptoms of acute disease?

Fever, anorexia (loss of appetite), nausea, vomiting, jaundice are some typical symptoms. Dark urine, pale feces and raised ALT levels (a liver enzyme) are sometimes seen as well. Where most patients with HBV are asymptomatic, sometimes the above mentioned symptoms can be severe and life threatening.

 

What are the symptoms of chronic disease?

Most chronic carriers are asymptomatic and the symptoms usually don’t develop until the patient is in the late course of the disease like blood in vomiting or jet black stools due to chronic liver disease.

What are the complications of the disease?

 

This disease can lead to scaring of liver, liver failure, live cancer and death in certain cases.

How can one contract this disease?

 

This disease can be contracted by:

.blood transfusions without proper screening for HBV

.intravenous drug abusers through sharing of needles and syringes

.prenatally from mother to newborn

.unprotected sexual intercourse

Treatment:

 

Though the treatment currently available against the HBV can not completely cure the disease but it definitely reduces the severity of complications that may develop if not dealt with properly. Hence if a patient is detected with HBV early in the course of disease much of his suffering can be curbed. Speaking of our country, ironically,  most of the patients are unaware of the fact that they are developing this disease as they have never been screened for it. Sadly, they get to know about it only when the fatal complications of the disease start showing up. Nothing much can be done then as maximum liver damage has already happened.

How the disease can be prevented?

 

Universal childhood vaccinations and also vaccining people who are at a high risk of contracting the disease.

.people handling with blood products on a frequent basis (doctors, nurses, lab staff)

.people receiving multiple blood transfusions such as haemophiliacs.

.people undergoing dialysis

.intravenous drug abusers

The disease can also prevented by properly screening the blood for HBV prior to transfusions and also by properly disposing off the syringes after use to avoid their abuse.


ISLAMABAD: Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar said that US would be responsible if Pakistan failed in war on terror (WOT). She was briefing the Parliamentary Committee on National Security (PCNS).

The minister told the committee that the US Senate has stopped $700 million aid to Pakistan. ‘We are talking to other countries for the release of US aid.’

‘Relations with US are on hold and would proceed further if Parliament allows. Pakistan has two written agreements regarding allied forces in Afghanistan, one is about Nato supply line and the other is about Ministry of Defence,’ she added.

Hina noted that Defence Committee has clearly stated that relations with US, Isaf and Nato would be reviewed.

About Computers


The word computer refers to an object that can accept some input and produce some output. In fact, the human brain itself is a sophisticated computer, and scientists are learning more about how it works with each passing year. Our most common use of the word computer, though, is to describe an electronic device containing a microprocessor.

A microprocessor is a small electronic device that can carry out complex calculations in the blink of an eye. You can find microprocessors in many devices you use each day, such as cars, refrigerators and televisions. The most recognized device with a microprocessor is the personal computer, or PC. In fact, the concept of a computer has become nearly synonymous with the term PC.

When you hear PC, you probably envision an enclosed device with an attached video screen, keyboard and some type of a pointing device, like a mouse or touchpad. You might also envision different forms of PCs, such as desktop computers, towers and laptops. The term PC has been associated with certain brands, such as Intel processors or Microsoft operating systems. In this article, though, we define a PC as a more general computing device with these characteristics:

  • designed for use by one person at a time
  • runs an operating system to interface between the user and the microprocessor
  • has certain common internal components described in this article, like a CPU and RAM
  • runs software applications designed for specific work or play activities
  • allows for adding and removing hardware or software as needed

PCs trace their history back to the 1970s when a man named Ed Roberts began to sell computer kits based on a microprocessor chip designed by Intel. Roberts called his computer the Altair 8800 and sold the unassembled kits for $395. Popular Electronics ran a story about the kit in its January 1975 issue, and to the surprise of just about everyone, the kits became an instant hit. Thus, the era of the personal computer began.

For more information about the history of computers you can click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iEgLwKTsgEo&feature=related

This computer was literllay so big that it covers the area of a big room.

 

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